When International Women’s Day was established 106 years ago at a meeting of 100 women delegates from 17 countries, the purpose was not just to highlight the cause of “women as housewives and mothers”, but also to support the abolition of “all privileges deriving from birth or wealth”. (Terry Bell, 6 March 2016). Then, as now, women were on the bottom rungs of a ladder of exploitation. At that conference, a Russian delegate had noted: “It is a matter of indifference who is the ‘master’, a man or a woman”.
Black women in South Africa suffered the oppression of being both female and black. In Khulumani workshops, women name the oppressions from which they suffered under apartheid.